density of vinegar

Have you ever measured the density of vinegar? Maybe not. Then here we will tell you about the measurement of vinegar density as well as the actual values of it. Let’s understand vinegar first. Vinegar is a combination of acetic acid and water made by a two-step fermentation process. First, yeast feeds on the sugar or starch of any liquid from a plant food such as fruits, whole grains, potatoes, or rice, and then this liquid ferments into alcohol. Later on alcohol is exposed to oxygen and then acetic acid bacteria Acetobacter ferment again over weeks or months, forming vinegar. This is the complete process of making vinegar but what about the density of vinegar. Let’s know it. 

What Is The Density Of Vinegar? 

The density of vinegar is 1.05 g/cm3. As we already have told you, acetic acid is a primary content of vinegar, so you should know about the acetic acid density also. So, the density of acetic acid from vinegar is also1.05 g/cm3. Vinegar looks like water but has a different density. The density of vinegar compared to water is three times more. In the kitchen, we use white vinegar and the density of white vinegar is approximately 0.96 g/mL. Similarly, the density of balsamic vinegar is between 1.24 and 1.37 g/mL. Let’s know the vinegar density in other units also. 

So, the density of vinegar g/mL is 1.01 g/mL, the density of vinegar kg/m3 is 1005.49 kg/m3, and the density of vinegar in g/cm3 is 1.05 g/cm3

Let’s understand the definition of vinegar density in detail. 

Definition Of Density Of Vinegar 

The vinegar density is defined as the ratio of the mass and the volume. Water has a density of 1.0 and every other solution including vinegar is compared to this. The common household vinegar is 1.01 g/ml and it is slightly denser than water, but it emerges into water. The vinegar density changes according to the amount of acetic acid present. In the household vinegar, there is 5% of acetic acid in vinegar but other kinds of vinegar have slightly more or less acetic acid, with slightly varying densities. The formula of the vinegar density is, 

Density of vinegar = Mass of vinegar/volume of vinegar g/mL 


                          d = M g/mL 

Where, d is the density of vinegar 

             m is the mass of vinegar, and 

             v is the volume of vinegar 

Well, you have an idea about the density of vinegar g ml as well as the density of vinegar in grams

How To Calculate Density Of Vinegar? 

Calculating the vinegar density is not such a tough task, you need to know its formula and some basic terms. Let’s calculate the vinegar density. 

  • Initially take vinegar in a clean container. 
  • Measure the weight of vinegar. 
  • Calculate the volume of the vinegar as per the shape of the container. 
  • Now, divide the mass by volume, you will get the vinegar density. 

Let’s understand with the help of an example. 

A square-shaped container consists of 100 grams of vinegar. The total volume of containers is 90 cm3. Then what will be the vinegar density? 

By using the formula, 

Density of vinegar = Mass of vinegar/volume of vinegar g/cm3  

                          D = 100/90 = 1.11 g/cm3. 

So, the vinegar density is 1.11 g/cm3. 

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Which Is Denser Water Or Vinegar?

Water has a density of about one gram per cubic centimeter (depending a little on temperature and pressure). Household vinegar consists almost entirely of water, but with some acetic acid molecules dissolved in it. In general, dissolving stuff in water makes it more dense, making vinegar the densest of the three.

Will Water Float On Vinegar?

It will go to the bottom, because it’s slightly more dense, but since both liquids are totally miscible, the vinegar will slowly difuse into water, and vice-versa.

Is Oil Or Vinegar Heavier?

So in that salad dressing example, the oil is less dense than the vinegar, or it has less mass per unit of volume. That’s why it sits on top.

Does Salt Make Vinegar Stronger?

No, salt (NaCl) is a neutral compound. That is it will have no effect on the pH of an aqueous solution. To make vinegar (acetic acid) more acidic you would have to increase its ability to ionize (acetic acid is a weak acid, as such it does not ionize completely in solution).


While going through this article, you come to know that the density of vinegar solution is 1.05 g/cm3. You also know the percentage of acetic acid in vinegar as well as the density of vinegar vs water. Do you know? Vinegar has been associated with weight loss, lowering of blood glucose levels in diabetics, and for the management of high blood pressure. None of these have been substantiated through research. And while vinegar eases the pain of jellyfish stings, even this ‘miracle cure’ is not quite as effective as plain old hot water. So, after reading this article you will never need to go through the density of vinegar in the future. 

By Amelia